Generic Paper Guidelines
Dr. Paul Werth

Below find information on: The following guidelines should govern all of the papers that you submit to me. Each infraction of these guidelines will result in point reductions on the paper grade. If you are unfamiliar with any of the terms and concepts below, you will have to consult the necessary resources (including me) in order to familiarize yourself with it. Ignorance of the law, as they say, is no excuse.

More on Grammar. Good grammar is of course essential to your papers across the board, but the following problems occur with truly remarkable frequency and thus aggravate me more than anyone can possibly imagine. This list by no means exhausts the infractions for which you may be penalized, but these are in fact the problems that occur the most frequently.


Journal article
Book with one author
Book with two authors
Edited volume (one editor)
Edited volume (two editors)
Article in edited volume

Note that if you are citing a work in a footnote, then the author's name should be in the correct order (i.e., first name then last name).

PLAGIARISM The question of plagiarism is frequently a source of confusion, but the basic definition is the use of other peoples' ideas and words without proper attribution or acknowledgement. We all use other people's ideas to develop our own thinking. Indeed this is how scholarship develops. There is just one very small requirement: that we acknowledge the source from which the idea came. We usually cite books and articles, but it is also proper to acknowledge an idea that you received from a friend or colleague in a conversation. This also means that if you do cite someone else, you must be absolutely certain that you have done so accurately. You must make sure not only that you have cited the passage verbatim (if indeed you choose to cite), but more generally that you have not taken the citation out of its context--that is, that you have represented the author's view fairly and accurately. If you are not sure, then ask me before your turn it in; afterwards is too late.